The kidneys are the body’s primary biological filter. Metabolic products, drugs, salts, water are excreted in the urine. If the organs are inflamed or damaged, it is dangerous to health. We will tell you how to understand that the kidneys hurt, and what symptoms you need to pay attention to.
The structure and function of the urinary system
The kidneys are a key part of the urinary system. Every healthy person has two of them, they are located deep in the abdominal cavity, on the back. They are located in the area of the border between the chest and the abdominal cavity, on both sides of the spinal column, the upper third is covered with ribs for additional protection in case of shock or falls. The organs are similar in shape to beans; in adults, they are the size of a human fist.
If the kidneys are healthy, they filter out about 200 ml of blood every minute, removing waste products of metabolism, excess salts, water in the urine.
The active work of the organs maintains the electrolyte balance – the correct ratio of minerals (sodium, magnesium, phosphorus).
They regulate protein metabolism, synthesize hormones that maintain a stable level of blood pressure, and produce erythropoietin, a compound that stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells (erythrocytes).
Kidney health is important for maintaining skeletal strength – they regulate calcium and vitamin D metabolism.
Factors Affecting Kidney Health
The urinary system, along with the liver, is the main factory for the detoxification of waste, intermediate metabolites, drugs, vitamins. Discover symptoms on the next page.